Backbone NetworksThe backbone architecture refers to the way in which the backbone interconnects the networks attached to it and how it manages the way in which packets from 1 network move by way of the backbone to other networks. Packet switching may well be applied internally by backbone networks to take benefit of these visitors patterns, even though the backbone network might present a circuit-switching appearance to external hosts (see virtual circuit ). Visitors-pattern evaluation could be utilized to construct backbone networks that reduce certain network parameters, such as typical delay, circuit charges, and so forth.

Switched Token Ring is related to switched ethernet,in that a token ring switch replaces the token ring hub, providing a series of point-to-point connections from the computer systems to the switch alternatively of the classic shared circuit. A single of the most frequent utilizes of gateways is to allow LANs that use TCP/IP and ethernet to communicate with IBM mainframes that use SNA. Sales of token ring have declined in recent years as extra and more networks have switched to ethernet, which remains more affordable.

In the above image, completed by Donna Cox and Robert Patterson of the NCSA, is a visual representation of what an Internet backbone in the United States. Most organizations now use switched backbones in which all network devices for one element … Continue reading >>>